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Ibram X. Kendi

The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America

4.3 (118 ratings)
35 mins

Brief summary

Stamped from the Beginning by Ibram X. Kendi is an eye-opening examination of the deeply ingrained roots of racism in American society, exploring its origins and persistent influence in the nation's history.

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    Stamped from the Beginning
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    American history and its attendant racism can be characterized as a battle between segregationists, assimilationists, and anti-racists.

    No matter how much we’d like to believe in the fantasy of a post-racial America, the numbers speak for themselves: Black and white Americans are still not equal.

    For instance, owing to centuries of systemic economic oppression of Black people, white American households today are, on average, 13 times wealthier than Black households. Black people are also five times more likely than white people to be imprisoned, with young Black men more than 20 times more likely to be killed by police than their white counterparts.

    And so the words that Jefferson Davis used when arguing against a pro-Black education bill in 1860 – ironically – still ring true: the “inequality of the white and black races,” the Mississippi senator argued, was “stamped from the beginning.”

    The key message? American history and its attendant racism can be characterized as a battle between segregationists, assimilationists, and anti-racists.

    So what does it mean for Black people to be “stamped from the beginning”? 

    Historically, the public figures who’ve tried to answer this question have fallen into three distinct camps: segregationists, assimilationists, and anti-racists.

    Segregationists are most easily recognizable as racists. They believe that the apparent social and economic inequality is Black people’s own fault. They usually invoke biology, religion, or genetics to argue that Black people are inferior, and many throughout history subscribed to polygenesis – the theory that different human races were created separately from each other.

    From the outset, though, segregationists have been opposed by anti-racists, who argue that the inequality of Black and white people is solely a function of racial discrimination. They recognize race as the artificial construct that it is, and oppose any form of discrimination built around it. 

    Couched between these two warring factions are the assimilationists. They want to have it both ways: they agree with anti-racists that discrimination has held Black people back, but they also subscribe to the racist idea that Black people need to “try a little bit harder” if they want to overcome inequality. Historically, many assimilationists believed in monogenesis – the idea that all humans were created equal, but different environments produced variation in race.

    Throughout history many people, even famed activists such as W.E.B. Du Bois, have expressed the more subtle racism that assimilationist beliefs carry. Meanwhile, the openly racist, segregationist stance has become more infrequent – or at least less overt. Instead, modern thought leaders have simply learned to shroud their racist ideas in assimilationist and even anti-racist language. But racist ideas are still alive and well, and we’ll see why in the next blink.

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    What is Stamped from the Beginning about?

    Stamped from the Beginning (2016) offers a powerful examination of the modern history of racism in the United States, including where racist ideas originate and how they spread. In particular, the author looks closely at how the presidential campaigns and administrations of Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton have helped propagate racist thought and had a detrimental impact on America’s black communities.

    Stamped from the Beginning Review

    Stamped from the Beginning (2016) is an eye-opening exploration of the history and impact of racism in America. Here's why this book is definitely worth reading:

    • Its meticulous research and thorough analysis provide a comprehensive understanding of the origins and evolution of racist ideas in the United States.
    • By presenting diverse perspectives and challenging prevailing narratives, the book encourages readers to critically examine their own beliefs and biases.
    • Through engaging storytelling and compelling anecdotes, Kendi manages to make this complex and weighty subject matter accessible and engaging.

    Best quote from Stamped from the Beginning

    The only thing extraordinary about White people is that they think something is extraordinary about White people.

    —Ibram X. Kendi
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    Who should read Stamped from the Beginning?

    • Activists interested in civil rights and race relations
    • Readers fascinated by American history
    • Students of politics and public administration

    About the Author

    Ibram X. Kendi is assistant professor of African-American history at the University of Florida. He is also the author of the award-winning book, The Black Campus Movement: Black Students and the Racial Reconstitution of Higher Education, 1965-72. 

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    Stamped from the Beginning FAQs 

    What is the main message of Stamped from the Beginning?

    The main message of Stamped from the Beginning is a comprehensive look at the history of racist ideas and the entrenched structures that perpetuate them.

    How long does it take to read Stamped from the Beginning?

    The reading time for Stamped from the Beginning varies depending on the reader's speed. However, the Blinkist summary can be read in just 15 minutes.

    Is Stamped from the Beginning a good book? Is it worth reading?

    Stamped from the Beginning is a worthwhile read for anyone interested in understanding the roots of racism and its impact on society.

    Who is the author of Stamped from the Beginning?

    The author of Stamped from the Beginning is Ibram X. Kendi.

    What to read after Stamped from the Beginning?

    If you're wondering what to read next after Stamped from the Beginning, here are some recommendations we suggest:
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