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Zusammenfassung von The Laws of Thermodynamics

Peter Atkins

A Very Short Introduction

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29 Min.

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The Laws of Thermodynamics by Peter Atkins is a concise and accessible introduction to the fundamental principles governing energy and matter. It explores how these laws shape our understanding of the universe and drive everything from chemical reactions to climate change.


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    If two systems are in mechanical equilibrium, then a third system in equilibrium with one will also be in equilibrium with the other.

    Thermodynamics concerns itself with systems. What we mean by this is: anything that has boundaries. A block of steel is a system. A combustion engine and the human body are also systems.

    Beyond those boundaries, we find the system’s surroundings. This could be a bath of cool water in a laboratory or the atmosphere around a system. Together, a system and its surroundings make up the universe.

    Systems can take different forms. This depends on the nature of their boundaries. Imagine a flask without a lid. That’s an “open system.” Pop a lid on the same flask and you’ve got a “closed system.” Then there are “isolated systems.” These aren’t affected by their surroundings at all. A vacuum flask is a good approximation of such a system.

    Right, now that we’ve defined our terms, let’s unpack the first concept we’ll need to get to grips with to understand thermodynamics – mechanical equilibrium.

    Picture two metal cylinders next to one another. Both are fully sealed except for a horizontal tube joining them together like a walkway between two buildings. This tube contains two pistons held together by a rigid rod.

    The pistons move this rod back and forth according to the pressure in their respective cylinders. If the pressure is higher on the right than on the left, the right piston pushes the rod toward the left cylinder and vice versa. This is like a tug-of-war, but with pushing rather than pulling.

    If the pistons don’t move, we can infer that the pressure in both of these cylindrical systems is equal. In this case, we say that they are in mechanical equilibrium.

    At this stage we can give our two existing cylinder systems names – we’ll call them “A” and “B” – before adding a third, “C,” and seeing what happens.

    Cylinder C is connected to A with another tube containing movable pistons. Let’s say these pistons don’t move and there’s no tug-of-war between A and C. We can now conclude that the pressure in both systems is the same and that A and C are in mechanical equilibrium.

    But what happens if we detach C from A and connect it to B instead? In a word, nothing. There won’t be a tug-of-war here, either. If C and A and A and B are in mechanical equilibrium, then C and B will also be in mechanical equilibrium.

    Why is this important? Let’s find out...

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    Worum geht es in The Laws of Thermodynamics?

    The Laws of Thermodynamics (2010) is a short and accessible introduction to thermodynamics, the field of physics concerned with the relationships between different forms of energy. Authored by one of the world’s preeminent authorities on the subject, Peter Atkins, it explains the four laws that govern the universe – the zeroth, first, second, and third laws. Along the way, The Laws of Thermodynamics unravels the workings of familiar-sounding concepts like temperature as well as more exotic ideas like entropy and energy states.

    Bewertung von The Laws of Thermodynamics

    The Laws of Thermodynamics (2010) is a fascinating exploration of the fundamental principles that govern energy and matter. Here's why this book is worth reading:

    • It provides a comprehensive overview of the laws of thermodynamics, offering insights into how energy moves and changes in various systems.
    • With its clever analogies and clear explanations, the book breaks down complex concepts, making it accessible and engaging for readers of all backgrounds.
    • Through real-world examples and thought-provoking questions, it brings the abstract concepts of thermodynamics to life, making the subject matter relatable and far from boring.

    Wer The Laws of Thermodynamics lesen sollte

    • Quizzical types who’ve always wondered how the universe works
    • Humanities graduates looking for a gentle introduction to physics
    • Folks who love a good mental workout

    Über den Autor

    Peter Atkins is a renowned physicist and the author of over 60 books, including Physical Chemistry, a standard textbook used by students around the globe. Atkins is a Fellow of Lincoln College, University of Oxford, and a well-known face on the international lecture circuit. He has been a visiting professor in China, France, Israel, and New Zealand.

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    The Laws of Thermodynamics FAQs 

    What is the main message of The Laws of Thermodynamics?

    The main message of The Laws of Thermodynamics is the fundamental principles that govern energy and its transformations.

    How long does it take to read The Laws of Thermodynamics?

    The reading time for The Laws of Thermodynamics varies depending on the reader's speed. However, the Blinkist summary can be read in just 15 minutes.

    Is The Laws of Thermodynamics a good book? Is it worth reading?

    The Laws of Thermodynamics is a valuable read for anyone interested in understanding the fascinating world of energy and its laws.

    Who is the author of The Laws of Thermodynamics?

    The author of The Laws of Thermodynamics is Peter Atkins.