What You Really Need to Know About The Better Angels of Our Nature: Zuckerberg’s Year of Books Picks in 5 Minutes
Reading more was a popular New Year’s resolution for high-profile smarties this year. Media impresario Arianna Huffington pledged to make room for reading. Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg followed suit, but with a playful, entrepreneurial twist: he transformed his pledge into a follow-along challenge called A Year of Books.
If you don’t yet know about A Year of Books, the gist is this: Zuckerberg will read one book every other week for the rest of the year and post his choices for all to see. His most recent pick is Steven Pinker’s mammoth The Better Angels of Our Nature, a tour de force that clocks in at 700 pages – without notes.
Want to follow along without thumbing through all of those pages? We’ve got you covered. Starting now, we will be giving you the newsfeed-worthy, made-for-conversation versions of Zuckerberg’s picks.
Of course, there’s no substitute for reading an entire book – particularly one as thoughtful and encompassing as Pinker’s – but wouldn’t it be delightful to beat Mark Zuckerberg at his own game, just once? Read on for a 5-minute, in-depth overview of Zuck’s Year of Books pick.
A Year of Books Pick #2: The Better Angels of Our Nature by Steven Pinker
What’s it about?
Violence. Baked into the genes of both ballerinas and bullies, violence helps us survive and get what we want. And despite what the nightly news shows you, humanity is actually using less violence as it evolves.
The Better Angels of Our Nature limns the history of violence in human society, explaining our motivations to use it as well as the factors that increasingly restrain us from doing so. Over the course of the 700 pages, Pinker introduces the “inner demons” – the five primal motivators behind violence – and the “better angels of our nature” – four other motivators toward peacefulness. He also traces six major historical shifts that reduced violence drastically. Along the way, you’ll get a complete picture of the history of violence.
Who wrote it?
Steven Pinker, professor in the Department of Psychology at Harvard and previously in the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences at MIT. He’s an expert on language and cognition, contributes to publications such as the New York Times, Time, and The New Republic, and has written a bevy of his own books, including The Language Instinct, How the Mind Works, Words and Rules, The Blank Slate, and most recently, The Sense of Style: The Thinking Person’s Guide to Writing in the 21st Century
3 Things You Should Know
1. The 5 Inner Demons that move us toward violence
2. The 4 Better Angels of our Nature that move us away from violence
3. Who’s winning, and how we know
Score one for the good guys! It’s the angels – and history proves it. Pinker explains that the move away from violence began 5,000 years ago, when mercenary hunter-gatherer collectives formed into agricultural states that depended on peaceable participants. Successful trade also requires peace and reason, a fact that led to violence becoming a less-preferred method for negotiation. Enlightenment philosophy that dictated government focus on the wellbeing of its citizens and the Rights Movements did their part in dialing down violence, too.
Bottom line: across 5,000 years of historical change, our benevolent traits have proven more beneficial to survival, helping assure the better angels’ victory.
Drop this smart fact from Better Angels:
There’s actually been a decline in terrorism.
Political terrorism was frequent in the 1960s and 1970s, through organizations like the Black Liberation Army, the Jewish Defense League and the Weather Underground. While the number of terrorism-related deaths peaked in the early 1980s, at about 0.2 deaths per 100,000, by 2009 that figure had halved. This decrease was driven by the end of the Cold War and the support given to terrorists by Cold War parties. Happily, there have also been recent signs that since 2007, support for terrorism is also on the decline in the Muslim world.
Drop this fun fact from Better Angels:
Life in the Middle Ages was a bloodbath. Castle politics were brutal and knights were pretty rough on one another, but what was going on in the village square wasn’t all maypoles and pies, either: one of the popular sports of the time found players with hands tied behind their backs competing to kill a cat nailed to a post. How? By battering it to death with their heads – even at the risk of their cheeks being ripped open or eyes scratched out.
If you remember only one thing, make it this:
Now, when you hear people buzzing about The Better Angels of Our Nature you can get in on the conversation, too. It’s important to note that this is only the beginning. Pick up the whole book for deep research on evolutionary and behavioral psychology, plus historical documentation, that paints a complete picture of the human impulse toward violence and where we’re headed. And in case you run into Zuck next time you’re standing in line for your morning coffee, you’ll have something to talk about!
Pick up Steven Pinker’s The Better Angels of Our Nature in full, or get a more thorough overview of the 5 inner demons, the 4 better angels, and the historical events that have gotten us to where we are now in about 25 minutes with Blinkist.